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Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. and Nikkei Europe Ltd.'s copyright of this website will be dealt with in the same way as that for Nikkei's newspapers. Permission is required by Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. and Nihon Keizai Shimbun Europe Ltd. in the case where users wish to use the websites' content for personal means or quote from this website beyond that allowed for in the Copyright Act. Similarly, where contributions are made by non-Nikkei employees, the prior consent of the author is required. All text & graphics on this website can not be reproduced, quoted, changed, translated, adapted, broadcast, published, sold or borrowed without permission. Transferring content to non-Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. and Nihon Keizai Shimbun Europe Ltd. websites or computers, the Internet or e-mail without permission represents a copyright violation. There are no exceptions to this rule, which also applies to non profit-making organizations and individual websites and is applicable regardless of whether full or abbreviated versions of individual pieces of content have been taken from the website.

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Links Policy

Please send an e-mail to <> with information about your web site, web site address, aims of the link, your name and contact details etc prior to adding a link taken from our website. Generally, links from one's own website to the front page of our website are acceptable, though we retain the right to reject links to websites and links themselves of which we do not approve.
Exemption Clause

No guarantees or warranties are made with regards to reliability and trustworthiness of the information accessed through or supplied by this website. Accordingly, neither Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc., Nikkei Europe Ltd. nor those involved in creating the website bear any responsibility for any damage arising either directly or indirectly through use of this website.